Chang S, Waid E. Zheng B, Matinec DV, & Swanström LL (2008) Impacts of verbal feedback on laparoscopic team performance. Surgical Innovation, 15(2): 143-7. pdf.

Swanström LL & Zheng B (2008) Spatial Orientation and Off-Axis Challenges for NOTES. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America. 18(2):315-24.

Zheng B, Taylor MD & Swanström LL (2008) An observation on surgery-related activities between surgeon and nurse during laparoscopic surgery. The America Journal of Surgery 197(4):497-502.

​Zheng B, Martinec DV, Cassera MA & Swanström LL (2008) A quantitative study of disruption in the operating room during laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery. Surgical Endoscopy. 22(10): 2171-7.


Zheng B, Denk PM, Matinec DV, Gatta P, Whitford MH & Swanström LL (2007) Building an efficient surgical team using a bench model simulation: construct validity of the legacy inanimate system for endoscopic team training (LISETT), Surgical Endoscopy, 22(4): 930-7. pdf.

​Zheng B, Swanström LL & MacKenzie CL (2007) A laboratory study on anticipatory movement in laparoscopic Surgery: a behavioral indicator for team collaboration. Surgical Endoscopy 21(6): 935-40.

​Zheng B, & Swanström LL (2007) Systems approach to reduce surgical Errors: principle and application [in Chinese]. National Medical Journal of China, 87(11): 786-789.

​2007 Conference Paper: Zheng B & MacKenzie CL (2007)  Kinematics of reaching and grasping with a tool. In: The Proceedings of 51st. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 1353-1357.

Zheng B & MacKenzie CL (2007) The control strategy for degrees of freedom in remote prehension with a tool. In: The Proceedings of 51st. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 1358-1362.


Zheng B, Kuang AB, Henigman F, Payandeh S, Lomax AJ, Swanström LL & MacKenzie CL (2006) Effects of assembling virtual fixtures on learning a navigation task. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 119:586-91. 2006. pdf


Zheng B, Verjee F, & MacKenzie CL (2005) One brain or two: video analysis of an endoscopic cutting task performed by one versus two operators. Surgical Endoscopy 19(10):1388-95. pdf


Kuang AB, Payandeh S, Zheng B, Henigman F & MacKenzie CL (2004) Assembling virtual fixtures for guidance in training environments. HAPTICS, 367-74. pdf 


Zheng B, Janmohamed Z, MacKenzie CL (2003) Reaction time and the decision-making process in endoscopic surgery. Surgical Endoscopy, 17(9):1475-8. pdf.

​2003 Conference Paper: Janmohamed Z, Zheng B & MacKenzie CL (2003) Aiming with the hand touching the target: the role of proprioceptive information between hands. In: The Proceedings of the 34th Association of Canadian Ergonomists Annual Conference, October 15, 2003, London, Ontario (4 pages)


Spaun GO, Zheng B, Martinec DV, Arnold BN, Swanström LL (2010) A comparison of early learning curves for complex bimanual coordination with open, laparoscopic, and flexible endoscopic instrumentation. Surgical Endoscopy 24(9):2145-55. pdf.

Zheng B, Cassera MA, Martinec DV, Spaun GO & Swanström LL (2010) Measuring mental workload during the performance of advanced laparoscopic tasks. Surgical Endoscopy. 24(1):45-50. pdf.

Zheng B, Hur HC, Johnson S Swanström LL (2010) Validity of Using Fundamental Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) Program to Assess Laparoscopic Competence for Gynecologists. Surgical Endoscopy. 24(1):152-60. pdf. ​

Conference Paper: Tien G, Atkins MS, Zheng B, Swindells C (2010) Measuring situation awareness of surgeons in laparoscopic training. In Proceedings of Eye Tracking Research and Applications. 2010:149-152.


Cassera MA, Zheng B, Martinec DV, Swanström LL (2009). Surgical time independently affected by surgical team size, The America Journal of Surgery 198(2):216-22. pdf.         

Martinec DV, Gatta P, Zheng B, Denk PM, Swanström LL (2009) Tradeoff between flexibility and maneuverability: task performance with articulating laparoscopic instruments. Surgical Endoscopy, 23          (12): 2697-2701.

Spaun GO, Zheng B, Swanström LL (2009) A multitasking platform for NOTES; a bench top comparison of a new device for flexible endoscopic surgery and a standard dual channel endoscope, Surgical Endoscopy. 23 (12):2720-7.

​Spaun GO, Zheng B, Martinec DV, Cassera MA, Dunst CM, Swanström LL.(2009) Bimanual coordination in NOTES: Comparing conventional dual-channel endoscope, the R-scope and a novel direct drive system. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (GIE), 69(6):e39-45.

Zheng B, Swanström LL (2009) Video analysis of anticipatory movements performed by the surgeons during laparoscopic procedures. Surgical Endoscopy, 23(7):1494-8.

​2009 Conference Paper: Zheng B & MacKenzie CL (2009)  A comparison of human performance in grasping virtual objects by hand and with tools of different length ratios. In: The Proceedings of 53rd. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 1156-1160.


Hur HC, Arden D, Dodge LE, Zheng B, Ricciotti HA (2011) Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery: A surgical skills assessment tool in gynecology. Journal of Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons (JSLS) 15:21-26. pdf.

Tien G, Zheng B, Atkins MS, (2011) Quantifying surgeon’s vigilance during laparoscopic operations using eye-tracking. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 126:658-62

Zheng B, Swanström LL, Meneghetti A, Panton ON, Qayumi AK (2011) Quantifying surgeon's contribution to team effectiveness on a mixed team with a junior surgeon. Surgery.149(6):761-5.

​Zheng B, Tien G, Atkins SM, Meneghetti AT, Qayumi AK & Panton ONM (2011) Surgeon’s vigilance in the operating room. American Journal of Surgery, 201(5):667-71.

​Zheng B, Cassera MA, Swanström LL, Meneghetti AT, Panton ONM & Qayumi AK (2011) Maintain forward view of the surgical site for best endoscopic practice. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 126:743-8


Atkins MS, Tien G, Khan RS, Meneghetti A, Zheng B. What do surgeons see: capturing and synchronizing eye gaze for surgery applications.  Surg Innov. 2013;20(3):241-8 pdf.

​Gierl MJ, Lai H, Fung K, & Zheng B. Developing and evaluating methods to automatically generate items in multiple languages. in the Proceedings of National Council on Measurement in Education, San Francisco Apr. 28, 2013  (PDF available after publication)       

​Jiang X, Tien G, Huang D, Zheng B, Atkins MS..Capturing and evaluating blinks from video-based eyetrackers Behav Res Methods. 2013;45(3):656-63

Jiang X, Zheng B, Tien G, Atkins MS. Pupil response to precision in surgical task execution. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;184:210-4

Tien G, Atkins MS, Jiang X, Khan RS, Zheng B. Identifying eye gaze mismatch during laparoscopic surgery. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;184:453-7

​Zheng B, Jiang X, Tien G, Bednairk R, Atkins Ms, Gaze Characteristics in Video Watching: Loss of Visual Guidance (PDF available after publication)


Hajari N, Cheng I, Zheng B, Basu A. Determining team cognition from delay analysis using cross recurrence plot. 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC’16) Orlando, FL, USA 

Kottayil NK, Bogdanova R. Cheng I, Cheng I, Zheng B, Basu A. Investigation of gaze patterns in multiview laparoscopic surgery. 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBC’16 Orlando, FL, USA Navaneeth-multiple-view-EMBC2016.pdf

Furtado AC, Cheng I, Fung E, Zheng B, Basu A. Low resolution tool tracking for microsurgical training. 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBC’16 Orlando, FL, USA Furtado-tool-microsurgery-EMBC2016.pdf

Chow G, Chiu CJ, Zheng B, Panton ON, Meneghetti AT (2016) Rigid versus articulatation for task completion in single port surgery, American Journal of Surgery [Epub ahead of print] pdf

Zheng YX, Yu DF, ZhaoJG, Wu YL, Zheng B (2016) 3D Printout models vs. 3D-Rendered Images: Which is better for preoperative planning. Surgical Education 73(3):518-23 pdf

Solevag AL, Cheung PY, Li E, O’Reilly M, Fu B, Zheng B, Schmolzer G (2015). Quantifying force application to a newborn manikin during simulated cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 29(11):1770-2. pdf

 He W, Zheng B. Collaborative performance in laparoscopic teams: behavioral evidences from simulation. Surg Endosc. 2016 Feb 19. pdf

Pinzon D, Byrns S, Zheng B. Prevailing Trends in Haptic Feedback Simulation for Minimally Invasive Surgery. Surg Innov. 2016 Feb 2. pii: 1553350616628680. pdf

Sanchez Y, Pinzon D, Zheng B. Reaction time for processing visual stimulus in a computer-assisted rehabilitation environment. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. 2016 Dec 7. pdf

Zheng B, Jiang X, Bednarik R, Atkins MS. Gaze Characteristics of Video Watching in a Surgical Setting. 2016. pdf

Pinzon D, Vega R, Sanchez YP, Zheng B. Skill learning from kinesthetic feedback. The American Journal of Surgery (2016) pdf

Zawartka M, Wang J, Zheng B. Three Basic Steps for Applying Digital Images to Oral and Facial Surgery. The Chinese Journal of Dental Research. 2016. pdf


Atkins MS, Jiang X, Tien G, Meneghetti A, Zheng B (2012) Saccadic delays on targets while watching videos. In Proceedings of the Eye Tracking Research and Applications (ETRA); 2012; 405-409. pdf.

Cassera MA, Zheng B, Swanström LL (2012) Data-based self-study guidelines for the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) examination, Surgical Endoscopy 26(12):3426-9.

Cassera MA, Zheng B, Spaun GO & Swanström LL, (2012)  Optimizing surgical approach for natural orifice transluminal endoscopic procedures, Surgical Innovation, 19(4):433-7.

​Khan RS, Tien G, Atkins MS, Zheng B, Panton ON, Meneghetti AT (2012) Analysis of eye gaze: Do novice surgeons look at the same location as expert surgeons during a laparoscopic operation Surgical Endoscopy. 26(12):3536-40.

Meneghetti AT, Pachev G, Zheng B, OMN Panton, Qayumi K (2012),Objective Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills: Dual-Task Approach, Surgical Innovation, 19(4):452-9.

Qayumi AK, Donn S, Zheng B, Young L. Dutton J. Adamack M. Cheng A. (2012) BC Interprofessional Model for Simulation in Interprofessional Health Education: A Network of Simulation Sites, Simulation in Healthcare, 2012 7(5): 295-307.

​Zheng B, Jiang X, Tien G, Meneghetti AT, OMN Panton, Atkins MS (2012). Workload assessment of surgeons: correlation between NASA TLX and blinks. Surgical Endoscopy.26(10): 2746-50.

Zheng B, Panton ONM, Al-Tayeb TA, Meneghetti, AT, Qayumi AK, Panton ONM (2012) Impact of Surgical Team Size on Intraoperative Performance: Data from 2 Canada Hospitals, Canadian Journal of Surgery, 55(6):371-6.

Zheng B, Erwin R, Cassera MA, Lee Gynsung, Martinec DV, Panton ONM, Park A. Swanström LL. (2012) Quantifying Mental Workloads of Surgeons in Performing NOTES Procedures, Surgical Endoscopy, 26(5):1352–8.

2012 Conference Papers: Tien G, Atkins MS, Zheng B (2012) Measuring gaze overlap on videos between multiple observers. In Proceedings of the Eye Tracking Research and Applications (ETRA); 2012; 309-312. pdf.


Wang X, Watts I, Zheng B. Mapping three-dimensional digital model to surgical site in facial surgery. Digit Med. 2017;3:39-42. pdf

​Sun X, Byrns S, Cheng I, Zheng B, Basu A. Smart Sensor-Based Motion Detection System for Hand Movement Training in Open Surgery. 2016. J Med Syst. 2017. pdf


Xianta Jiang, Bin Zheng , Roma  Bednarik, M. Stella Atkins. Pupil responses to continuous aiming movements. In International Journal of Human - Computer Studies. November 2015 83:1-11 Language: English. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhcs.2015.05.006. pdf

Bogdanova R, Boulanger P, Zheng B. Three-Dimensional Eye Tracking in a Surgical Scenario. Surg Innov. 2015 Feb 23.

pii: 1553350615573581. pdf

​Zheng B, Jiang X, Atkins MS. Detection of Changes in Surgical Difficulty: Evidence From Pupil Responses. Surgical innovation 2015. pdf

​Jiang XT, Zheng B, Atkins MS,  (2014) Video processing to locate the tooltip position in surgical eye-hand coordination tasks. Surgical Innovation, 2014 July 21. pdf

Zheng B, Wang XL (2015) SSRL Surgical Simulation Practice and Guideline, Chinese Journal of Pediatrical Surgery, 36(8): 638-40 pdf


He W, Ni S, Chen G, Jiang X, Zheng B. The composition of surgical teams in the operating room and its impact on surgical team performance in China. 2014 May;28(5):1473-8. pdf

Jiang X, Zheng B, Atkins MS. Video Processing to Locate the Tooltip Position in Surgical Eye-Hand Coordination Tasks.   Surgical Innovation, 2014 Jul 21. .pdf

Jiang XT, Atkins MS, Tien G, Bednarik R, Zheng B, “Pupil Responses during Discrete Goal-directed Movements”, Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (2075-2084, 2014) (Best of CHI Paper Honorable Mention Award). pdf

​Jiang XT, Zheng B, Tien G, Bednarik R, Atkins MS, “Pupil Dilations during Target-pointing Respect Fitts' Law”, Proceedings of the Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications, 175-182 (2014).

Qayumi AK, Pachev G, Zheng B, Ziv A, Koval V, Badiei S, Cheng A (2014), Status of Simulation in Healthcare Education: an international survey, Advances in medical education and practice. 28;5:457-67.  pdf

Tien G, Atkins MS, Jiang X. Bednarik R. Zheng B. Verbal gaze instruction matches visual gaze guidance in laparoscopic skills training, Proceedings of the Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications, 331-334 (2014) .pdf 

Zheng B, Fu B, Al-Tayeb TA, Hao YF, Qayumi AK. Mastering Instruments before Operating on a patient: The Role of Simulation Training in Tool Use Skills. Surg Innov. 2014 May 12. pdf

Zheng B, Fung E, Fu B, Panton N, Swanström LL (2014) Surgical Team Composition differs between Laparoscopic and Open Procedures. Surgical Endoscopy, Accepted for publication. Oct 01, 2014.  pdf

surgical simulation research lab